Factors Considered for Selection of Building Materials

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Mar 7, 2024

Building materials are the backbone of any construction project. The quality of the building materials can significantly impact the building’s durability, safety, and overall performance.

Finding suitable materials is crucial. A consultant or a professional can be highly beneficial. However, visiting a well-stocked hardware store in Dubai for someone residing in the UAE, or a shop nearby your location, can be a great starting point if you want to browse options or have specific needs.

In this blog, we will discuss the critical factors for selecting building materials to help you make an informed decision for your next project.

1. Functionality:

The functionality of a building material refers to its ability to perform the intended function efficiently.

For example, a roofing material should be able to protect the building from water and weathering. In contrast, a flooring material should withstand the expected foot traffic.

Using materials that can endure wind, snow, and seismic loads is crucial to ensure that your construction can withstand various elements.

2. Durability:

Durability refers to a building material’s ability to withstand the test of time and weathering. It should be resistant to wear and tear, corrosion, and degradation.

The material should be able to maintain its structural integrity and aesthetic appeal for years to come.

Proper maintenance can extend the lifespan of a brick wall for centuries. At the same time, a wooden floor may require replacement within a few decades.

3. Sustainability:

Sustainability is a crucial factor in building material selection, as it addresses the environmental impact of the material.

The material should be eco-friendly, energy-efficient, and sourced responsibly. It should not harm the environment during production, installation, or disposal.

For example, using recycled materials, such as reclaimed wood or recycled glass, can reduce the environmental impact of a building project.

Materials that require less energy to produce or transport can also contribute to sustainability.

4. Cost:

The cost of a building material is a significant consideration, as it can affect the project’s budget and long-term cost savings.

The material should be affordable, have a good lifespan, and provide value for money to avoid frequent replacement costs.

For example, while a more expensive material like granite may require less frequent replacement than a cheaper material like vinyl, the upfront cost may be higher.

5. Aesthetics:

The aesthetics of a building material refer to its visual appeal and ability to complement the design of the building.

The material should be available in various colors, textures, and finishes to suit different architectural styles.

For example, a modern building may require a sleek, minimalist material like stainless steel. In contrast, a historic building may require a material that matches the original aesthetic, such as wooden paneling.

6. Safety:

Safety is a critical factor in building material selection, as it ensures the well-being of occupants and meets the required safety standards.

The material should be fire-resistant, non-toxic, and not pose health risks.

For example, asbestos, a once widely used carcinogenic building material, is no longer used in modern construction.

The material should also meet local building codes and regulations related to fire resistance, structural integrity, and accessibility.

7. Maintenance:

The maintenance of a building material refers to its ease of upkeep and repair. The material should resist pests, mold, and mildew and withstand extreme weather conditions.

For example, a roofing material like clay tile may require more maintenance than a material like metal, which is less prone to damage from weathering.

The material should also be easy to clean and maintain, with minimal sealing or protective coatings requirements.

8. Availability:

The availability of a building material refers to its ready supply in the market. The material should have a reliable supply chain, and the manufacturer should have a good reputation for delivering quality products.

For example, a material like structural steel may be readily available in large quantities. On the contrary, materials such as reclaimed wood might have a limited availability compared to other materials.

The manufacturer must have a robust distribution network to ensure quick sourcing and delivery of materials to the job site.

9. Recyclability:

Recyclability has become an essential factor in building material selection with the growing emphasis on sustainability.

Remember to use recyclable materials that can be reused in other projects. For instance, recycling steel, aluminum, and glass can minimize the need for virgin materials and reduce waste.

Design the material with recyclability in mind. Use designs that allow easy disassembly and reuse.

10. Brand Reputation:

The reputation of the manufacturer is a crucial factor in building material selection. The manufacturer should have a proven track record of delivering quality products, providing excellent customer service, and offering reliable technical support.

For example, a marketplace like Fepy.com, which has been in business for quite some time, has a reputation for delivering high-quality building materials and providing excellent customer support.

The brand should also have a solid commitment to sustainability and environmental responsibility.


Suitable building materials are crucial for safe, durable, and sustainable construction. Architects, engineers, and builders can make informed decisions for their projects by considering the abovementioned factors.

Fepy offers a wide range of top-quality construction materials and tools that meet the highest safety, sustainability, and durability standards. These long-lasting products are backed by excellent customer service and technical support, ensuring a successful project.

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