When to Use 14-14-14 Fertilizer? | How to Use Triple 14
Jul 13, 2023
To grow and flourish, plants, shrubs, and trees obtain and use nutrients from the soil, the air, and the light. Nutrients in the soil may get depleted over time. Plants may have shortages and illnesses now, and they will benefit from a boost from the macro- and micronutrients that supplementary fertilizers provide.
A 14-14-14 fertilizer is a fantastic all-purpose feed for your plants and will provide the soil with a balanced combination of nutrients. How frequently to apply triple 14 fertilizer, which plants is best suited for, and other important considerations for its use are all covered here.
Do I understand the fertilizer label 14-14-14?
Macronutrients (also known as primary nutrients) like carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and potassium; secondary nutrients like calcium, magnesium, and sulfur; and micronutrients like boron, iron, manganese, chlorine, copper, molybdenum, and zinc are all necessary for plants to thrive.
The majority of these nutrients are readily accessible. Still, since specific resources might get depleted, soil and plants sometimes need assistance to receive what they require to grow.
The ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in the 14-14-14 fertilizer is represented by the letters "14-14-14" in the fertilizer's name. Each value represents the overall proportion of that nutrient in the fertilizer. Therefore, a 14-14-14 fertilizer contains 14% nitrogen, 14% phosphate, and 14% potassium.
If you're doing the arithmetic at home, the 14-14-14 fertilizer's 42 percent composition is nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. Other minor nutrients and inactive substances make up the remaining 58%. This separates fertilizer 14-14-14 from fertilizers with different nutrient ratios, such as 10-20-10 or 16-16-16.
To survive, a plant has to consume around 1.75 percent of its entire mass in nitrogen. Proteins, amino acids, and chlorophyll are all produced in cells thanks to nitrogen.
Too little nitrogen may cause plants to become stunted, particularly in their younger leaves. Foliage ranging from light green to yellow and even death due to a lack of chlorophyll might be the outcome.
On the other hand, too much nitrogen may result in nitrogen toxicity in plants, which is just as detrimental as a lack of nitrogen.
Too much nitrogen can cause plants to become unnaturally dark green, and the leaves will have a cupped, claw-like appearance. Although plants will have clawed leaves, the major display of nitrogen toxicity is via descended leaf tips.
A healthy plant has a mass of 0.25 percent phosphorus. This substance controls protein synthesis, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, and cell development.
A lack of phosphorus may prevent plants from growing new shoots, which results in their leaves being pale, blue-green, or even crimson in extreme situations. Although smaller than the leaves of a healthy plant, leaves may still develop.
However, too much phosphorus in the soil might prevent plants from absorbing other minerals like iron and zinc. An excess of phosphorus often contributes to iron and zinc deficiency. Yellowing between the leaf veins indicates iron deficiency caused by high phosphorus levels, while bleaching indicates zinc deficiency.
A healthy plant has 1.5 percent potassium, necessary for enzyme function and water management. Plants are more prone to wilt when they don't have enough potassium, particularly on sunny days. Older leaves may seem golden, wavy, or blotchy, whereas younger leaves are inhibited.
If potassium is present in the soil, many plants will absorb more of it than they need. Although it doesn't affect most plants as much as phosphorus or nitrogen, too much potassium may interfere with a plant's capacity to absorb magnesium, causing a deficit. Yellowing leaves and defoliation of the lower leaves are signs of a magnesium shortage.
What Purposes Does Triple 14 Fertilizer Serve?
While Triple 14 fertilizer is ideal for all-purpose usage, it is best suited for use on trees, shrubs, fruiting plants, vegetables, and lawns. Triple 14 fertilizer is evenly balanced. It's ideal for giving your soil a nutritional boost during the growing season.
When Should You Use Balanced Fertilizer?
Any fertilizer with an equal (1:1:1) nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium ratio is considered balanced. A balanced fertilizer is one with all three values in the NPK ratio being the same, such as 14-14-14, 5-5-5, 10-10-10, and 20-20-20.
You should apply a balanced fertilizer in soils with low but balanced nutrient levels.
Without causing unwanted surpluses or deficits, a fertilizer containing equal nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium will raise the nutrient level overall.
Contact the agricultural cooperative extension agency in your state to test the nutrient content of your soil. They may examine your soil and suggest how to feed your plants effectively. Alternatively, utilize a soil testing kit for home usage that you send out to be tested in a lab.
Types of Fertilizer
Since the percentages of each macronutrient must be adequately balanced, 14-14-14 fertilizer is often synthetic.
There are four significant natural or synthetic fertilizers: liquid concentrate, soluble powder, slow-release granules, and fertilizer spikes. Each form's essential information is shown below.
You may buy liquid fertilizers already mixed or in concentrated formulae that must be diluted with water before use. They may be sprayed directly into the foliage or the soil, which will naturally guide the fertilizer to the roots while enabling some nutrients to be taken up by the leaves.
Unlike dry fertilizer grains and spikes, liquid fertilizers deliver nutrients more uniformly and reliably. They react quickly and go to work the moment they make contact with the roots.
While liquid fertilizer is simple to apply to indoor plants, spreading it uniformly over vast land areas may require pricey tools like a hand-held sprayer or one with a hose connection.
Like liquid concentrate fertilizers, water-soluble powder fertilizers must be diluted with water before application.
They behave precisely the same as liquid concentrate fertilizers once dissolved and diluted. Water-soluble powder fertilizers' benefits, drawbacks, and applications are identical to liquid concentrates.
Granules of slow-release fertilizer are sprinkled straight onto the ground. Slow-release granules are sprayed in twin bands, one below the seed and one to the side of a crop row, in larger outdoor gardens. Granular fertilizer may be mixed straight into the soil for houseplants.
Granules begin to function after being triggered with a little sprinkle of water and are gradually broken down over time with soil bacteria.
Depending on how evenly they have been disseminated, a granular fertilizer's nutritional content might vary, making fertilizing more challenging.
Furthermore, certain plants, particularly young ones, may avoid "hot spots" of granular fertilizer by rerouting their roots elsewhere. Granular fertilizer may be applied manually or with a broadcast spreader.
Fertilizer spikes are created by compressing dried fertilizer into a stick that can be driven into the ground. They are odorless, mess-free, and simple to use.
The expense of employing spikes is the downside since bigger plants, trees, and shrubs need more tips for enough fertilization. If placed into the soil too close to the root system, they potentially result in root burn.
Use of Triple 14 Fertilizer: When and How
Triple 14 fertilizer is ideal for use on plants, trees, and shrubs that are already flourishing in well-maintained soil that has optimal pH levels. Here is how to maximize its effectiveness.
Trees and Shrubs
Although this varies by species, trees, and shrubs usually need more nitrogen in the soil than other plants because of their rapid leaf production.
Using a higher nitrogen fertilizer, such as 16-4-8 or 12-4-8, will keep trees and shrubs happy and healthy.
Wait until early in the 2nd year to begin applying 14-14-14 fertilizer annually, as immature fruit trees may be damaged by nitrogen in the first year after sowing.
The extra phosphorus and potassium help the buds thrive, promoting effective fruit production.
While some flowers are more picky than others, most need a balanced quantity of nutrients to grow. Typically, one application of 14-14-14 fertilizer each growing season is optimal for garden soil around flowers.
Vegetable gardens, like fruit trees, need more phosphorus and potassium to create healthy produce, so they often need a balanced fertilizer like 14-14-14.
Be cautious about assessing your soil before adding any fertilizer since too much phosphorus may prevent the formation of mycorrhizal fungi, and too much nitrogen can lead to chlorosis.
The simplest indoor plants to feed using 14-14-14 fertilizers are those in pots. Sprinkle granules over the soil or fill a watering can with the required amount of liquid, then massage them in gently.
To prevent overfertilizing interior plants, it is advisable to dilute high-ratio fertilizers. Your fertilizer will last longer and become equal to 7-7-7 fertilizer by cutting a Triple 14 with twice as much water.
Grass and a Lawn
Before fertilizing your lawn, be sure to get the soil analyzed by your state's cooperative extension or by utilizing a soil test kit since the nutrients in various areas' soils vary greatly.
Use a fertilizer spreader to evenly apply 14-14-14 to your lawn if it requires balanced nourishment.
14-14-14 fertilizer is an essential plant food, offering an optimal balance of the three main nutrients plants need for robust plant growth. This slow-release fertilizer, often presented as a complete fertilizer, is suitable for a broad range of plant types, including potted plants and flowering plants. Whether it's ensuring vigorous root growth or preventing stunted growth due to nutrient deficiency, this triple 14 mix addresses a myriad of growth factors.
When deciding how much fertilizer to use, it's crucial to follow the instructions on the fertilizer package diligently. Both under-fertilization and over-fertilization can lead to plant issues. For instance, excess synthetic fertilizer can result in chemical burns, while too little might lead to nutrient deficiency. Especially for potted plant owners, the controlled release fertilizers like the 14-14-14 mix provides an ideal solution, as they maintain a steady supply of nutrients over a prolonged period.
However, keep in mind that each plant has unique needs. While urea fertilizer may be more suitable for some, others might flourish better with organic fertilizer. It's not uncommon for gardeners to use a mix of different fertilizers for their flower beds or to alternate between them throughout the growing season. Understanding your plants' specific requirements will undoubtedly lead to healthier, more vibrant gardens.