Can a Foreigner Buy a House in the United States?

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Sep 8, 2023

The American Dream isn’t limited only to those born in the USA. From the snowy peaks of Alaska to the sunny shores of Florida, the United States offers a diverse range of locations and cultures that appeal to people worldwide. This has often led to one burning question for many: Can a foreigner buy a house in the United States?

If you’re a non-resident wondering about purchasing property in the US, this article is here to clear your doubts. Spoiler alert: Yes, foreigners can buy a house in the USA, but there are essential points to consider.

No Federal Restrictions on Foreign Ownership

There’s no federal law restricting non-US citizens from owning property in the country. This means that foreigners have the same rights as citizens when it comes to purchasing residential or commercial real estate.

State & Local Laws Vary

While the federal government does not impose ownership restrictions, it’s crucial to research local and state laws. Some states, for instance, require property owners to declare their legal status. However, these declarations are for tax purposes and not for limiting foreign ownership.

Financing Can Be a Challenge

Although foreigners can legally buy property, securing a mortgage might not be as straightforward. Some US banks offer mortgages to foreigners, but the requirements can be stringent. For instance:

Down Payments

Foreigners may need to make a larger down payment than US residents. This could be anywhere from 30% to 50% of the property’s value.


Non-residents may need to provide additional paperwork, including proof of a valid visa or other immigration status and foreign credit reports.

Interest Rates

Interest rates for foreigners might be slightly higher than those for US residents.

Tax Implications

Foreign property owners will face tax implications:

Property Taxes

These are local taxes that every homeowner has to pay. The rate varies by location.

Rental Income

If you’re renting out your property, the income generated will be subject to federal tax.

Estate Taxes

Non-resident foreigners are subject to US estate taxes, which means if the property owner passes away, their heirs might need to pay a tax on the inherited property.

FIRPTA Considerations

The Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act (FIRPTA) was established to ensure foreigners pay taxes on any gains they realize from selling US property. If you’re a foreign seller, it’s crucial to be aware of FIRPTA, as buyers may withhold a portion of the sale price to ensure the IRS receives its due.

Setting Up an LLC

Some foreigners opt to set up a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in the US to purchase property.

This can offer advantages like:


The property will be registered under the company’s name, not the individual.

Asset Protection

An LLC can protect your other assets in case of a lawsuit related to the property.

Tax Benefits

Operating through an LLC might provide some tax advantages, depending on your circumstances.

However, setting up and maintaining an LLC comes with its costs and responsibilities. Always consult with legal and financial advisors before making such a decision.

Property Management

If you’re buying property but won’t reside in the US, consider hiring a property management company. They can handle rentals, maintenance, and other daily operations, ensuring your investment remains in top condition.

Working with a Realtor

A realtor who has experience working with foreign clients can be invaluable. They’ll not only provide insights into the local market but also:

Guide you through local nuances

Real estate customs can vary dramatically from state to state.

Negotiate on your behalf

An experienced realtor can ensure you get the best deal possible and help with closing costs.

Connect you with other professionals

This can include mortgage brokers familiar with foreign income or attorneys well-versed in international real estate law.

Special Programs and Associations

There are associations like the National Association of Realtors (NAR) that offer ‘International Property Specialist’ certifications. Agents with such certifications are trained specifically to assist international clients. These agents are not only knowledgeable about buying and selling real estate in the US but also understand the intricacies involved when dealing with foreign clients.

Insurance Matters

As with any property, insurance is vital. Foreign property owners should be aware that they might face higher insurance premiums, especially if the house will be unoccupied for long periods. This is to cover potential risks like water damage or break-ins.

Currency Exchange Rates

While this might seem obvious, it’s crucial to keep an eye on currency exchange rates when planning your purchase. A favorable rate can save you a significant amount of money. Some choose to open a US-based bank account to ease transactions and manage their property-related finances better.

The Importance of Due Diligence

Every property purchase requires thorough due diligence. As a foreigner, this becomes even more crucial. Ensure property inspections are conducted to verify the home’s condition. Furthermore, title checks will confirm the property’s legal status, ensuring there are no undisclosed liens.

Final Words

Foreigners Buy Property

For foreign buyers eyeing an investment property in the US, the pathway is open and full of potential. While the process to buy property is similar to that of residents, certain nuances exist, especially in the realms of financing and taxation. For instance, having an individual taxpayer identification number is paramount for foreigners buying property, aiding in streamlining real estate transactions and ensuring compliance with the US tax system.

Hiring an experienced real estate agent who’s familiar with assisting foreign investors is crucial. Not only do they guide you through the intricacies of foreign national mortgage loans, but they can also connect you to the right mortgage lender who understands the challenges of establishing credit history for non-residents. With the rise in demand for foreign national loan options, more lenders are tailoring solutions to cater to this global clientele, ensuring that everyone, regardless of their nationality, can participate in the vibrant US property market.

Lastly, it’s essential to be well-informed about the financial implications of such investments. From understanding the capital gains tax for investment properties to discerning the benefits of declaring a property as a primary residence, each decision can impact your fiscal responsibility in the US. Thus, combining the expertise of a proficient real estate agent with a thorough understanding of financial obligations, foreign investors can confidently navigate the complex landscape of the US real estate market.

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